Miscellaneous/Off Topic

A Message to the “Vagabond” Spanish – Chief of Ocale, 1539

A message to the conquistador Hernando de Soto, from the Chief of Ocale, concerning the state of relations between the Spanish and the Ocale natives of Florida.


Hernando de Soto. Image from: http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/29100/29191/desoto_29191.htm



The First Crusade: A Brief History

By the end of the 11th century CE, the fractured petty kingdoms, confederated states, and feudal monarchies of Europe were fast approaching an unusual and historical call to arms.


Sebastien Mamerot’s Les Passages d’Outremer.