Miscellaneous/Off Topic

A Message to the “Vagabond” Spanish – Chief of Ocale, 1539

A message to the conquistador Hernando de Soto, from the Chief of Ocale, concerning the state of relations between the Spanish and the Ocale natives of Florida.

desoto_29191_md

Hernando de Soto. Image from: http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/29100/29191/desoto_29191.htm

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The First Crusade: A Brief History

By the end of the 11th century CE, the fractured petty kingdoms, confederated states, and feudal monarchies of Europe were fast approaching an unusual and historical call to arms.

SiegeofAntioch

Sebastien Mamerot’s Les Passages d’Outremer.

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